IBM has announced the “world’s first” chip with 2 nanometer (nm) nanosheet technology. IBM claims that its new 2 nm chip technology is “projected to achieve 45 per cent higher performance, or 75 per cent lower energy use, than today’s most advanced 7 nm node chips.”
The 2 nm design demonstrates the advanced scaling of semiconductors using IBM’s nanosheet technology. Its architecture is an industry first, claims IBM. Developed less than four years after IBM announced its 5 nm design, this latest breakthrough will allow the 2 nm chip to fit up to 50 billion transistors on a chip the size of a fingernail, claims the company.
As per the company, the potential benefits of 2 nm chips could include:
-Quadrupling cell phone battery life, only requiring users to charge their devices every four days.
-Slashing the carbon footprint of data centres, which account for one per cent of global energy use. Changing all of their servers to 2 nm-based processors could potentially reduce that number significantly.
-Speeding up a laptop’s functions, ranging from quicker processing in applications to assisting in language translation more easily, to faster internet access.
-Contributing to faster object detection and reaction time in autonomous vehicles like self-driving cars.
The company’s semiconductor development efforts are based at its research lab located at the Albany Nanotech Complex in Albany, NY. The company claims that it is also implementing other core-level enhancements in the latest generations of IBM hardware, like IBM POWER10 and IBM z15.